AskDefine | Define boogie

Dictionary Definition

boogie n : an instrumental version of the blues (especially for piano) [syn: boogie-woogie]

User Contributed Dictionary

English

Pronunciation

Alternative spellings

Noun

  1. A piece of solid or semi-solid mucus in or removed from the nostril cavity; booger.
  2. Dancing usually prominently exhibiting movements of the buttocks.
  3. In the context of "skydiving|informal": A large, organised skydiving event.

Quotations

  • 2007 October 23, Murry Taylor, as quoted by Eric Weiner, “High-Tech Drone to Join Battle Against Calif. Flames”, National Public Radio, at NPR.orghttp://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=15563089
    the fire engines are bigger, the crews are better trained and the aircraft are more modern. But we're dealing with Mother Nature, and she dances a mean boogie.

Translations

A piece of solid or semi-solid mucus
Dancing, usually exhibiting movements of the buttocks

Verb

  1. To dance a boogie.
  2. intransitive informal To leave, exit.
    • Let's boogie on out of here.

Extensive Definition

Boogie is a repetitive, swung note or shuffle rhythm (Burrows 1995, p.42), "groove" or pattern used in blues which was originally played on the piano in boogie-woogie music. The characteristic rhythm and feel of the boogie was then adapted to guitar, double bass, and other instruments. The earliest recorded boogie-woogie songs was in 1916. By the 1930s, Swing bands such as Glenn Miller, Tommy Dorsey, and Louis Jordan all had boogie hits. By the 1950s, boogie became incorporated into the emerging rockabilly and rock and roll styles. In the late 1980s and early 1990s country bands released country boogies.

Usage

The boogie groove is often used in rock and roll and country music. A simple rhythm guitar or accompaniment boogie pattern, sometimes called country boogie, is as follows (ibid):
The "B" and "C" notes are played by stretching the fourth finger from the "A" two and three frets up to "B" and "C" respectively on the same string. This pattern is an elaboration or decoration of the chord or level and is the same on all the primary triads (I, IV, V), although the dominant chord may include the seventh on the third beat (see also, degree (music). ibid)
A simple lead guitar boogie pattern is as follows (ibid, p.43):
Boogie patterns are played with a swing or shuffle rhythm and generally follow the "one finger per fret" rule, where, as in the case directly above, if the third finger always covers the notes on the third fret, the second finger going only on the second fret, etc. (ibid)
The swung notes or shuffle note are a rhythmic device in which the duration of the initial note in a pair is augmented and that of the second is diminished. Also known as "notes inégales", swung notes are widely used in jazz music and other jazz-influenced music such as blues and Western swing. A swing or shuffle rhythm is the rhythm produced by playing repeated pairs of notes in this way.

Songs

Swing-era boogie hits include the 1940 Glenn Miller song "Boog It by" (#7) and the The Andrews Sisters' number two hit from that same year, "Beat Me Daddy, Eight to the Bar". In the mid-1940s, bandleader Tommy Dorsey had a number five hit with "Boogie Woogie", jump blues maestro Louis Jordan had a number six hit with "Caldonia Boogie", and Count Basie scored a number 10 hit with "Mad Boogie". In 1948, Freddie Martin had a number six hit with "Sabre Dance Boogie" and three years later, Ernie Ford hit number four with his "Shot Gun Boogie". After several decades out of the hits catologue, singer-actress Bette Midler hit number eight with a boogie tune in 1973 with her song "Boogie Woogie Bugle Boy". Other well-known songs using a boogie rhythm or bass pattern include Chuck Berry's "Johnny B. Goode", Marvin Gaye's "Can I Get a Witness" and The Shadows's "Shadoogie"; and Jerry Lee Lewis playing "Great Balls of Fire".

Further reading

  • Burrows, Terry (1995). Play Country Guitar. Dorling Kindersley Limited, London. ISBN 0789401908.
  • Silvester, Peter. Left Hand Like God — the Story of Boogie Woogie.

References

Boogie woogie developed from a piano style that developed in the rough barrelhouse bars in the Southern states, where a piano player performed for the hard-drinking patrons. Wayne Schmidt remarks that with boogie-woogie songs, the "bass line isn't just a time keeper or "fill" for the right hand"; instead, the bassline has equal importance to the right hand's melodic line. He argues that many boogie-woogie basslines uses a "rising/falling sequence of notes" called a walking bass line.
The origin of the term boogie-woogie is unknown, according to Webster's Third New International Dictionary. The Oxford English Dictionary states that the word is a redoubling of boogie, which was used for rent parties as early as 1913. The term may be derived from Black West African English, from the Sierra Leone term "bogi", which means "to dance"; as well, it may be akin to the phrase "hausa buga", which means "to beat drums." In the late 1920s and early 1930s, the term "could mean anything from a racy style of dance to a raucous party or to a sexually transmitted disease." Boogie hit the charts with Pine Top Smith's Pine Top's Boogie in 1929, which garnered the number 20 spot. In the late 1930s, boogie became part of the then-popular Swing style, as big bands such as "Glenn Miller, Tommy Dorsey, and Louis Jordan...all had boogie hits." Swing big band audiences expected to hear boogie tunes, becuase the beat could be used for the then-popular dances such as the jitterbug and the Lindy Hop. As well, country artists began playing boogie woogie in the late 1930s, when Johnny Barfield recorded "Boogie Woogie". The Delmore Brothers "Freight Train Boogie" shows how country music and blues were being blended to form the genre which would become known as rockabilly. The Sun Records-era rockabilly sound used "wild country boogie piano" as part of its sound. By the mid-1970s, the meaning of the term returned to its roots, in a certain sense, as during the disco era, "to boogie" meant "to dance in a disco style". In the 1980s, country bands such as The Charlie Daniels Band used boogie woogie in songs such as the 1988 "Boogie Woogie Fiddle Country Blues". In 1991 Brooks & Dunn released "Boot Scootin' Boogie". http://www.cmt.com/artists/az/brooks_and_dunn/25957/album.jhtml

Usage

The boogie groove is often used in rock and roll and country music. A simple rhythm guitar or accompaniment boogie pattern, sometimes called country boogie, is as follows (ibid):
The "B" and "C" notes are played by stretching the fourth finger from the "A" two and three frets up to "B" and "C" respectively on the same string. This pattern is an elaboration or decoration of the chord or level and is the same on all the primary triads (I, IV, V), although the dominant chord may include the seventh on the third beat (see also, degree (music). ibid)
A simple lead guitar boogie pattern is as follows (ibid, p.43):
Boogie patterns are played with a swing or shuffle rhythm and generally follow the "one finger per fret" rule, where, as in the case directly above, if the third finger always covers the notes on the third fret, the second finger going only on the second fret, etc. (ibid)
The swung notes or shuffle note are a rhythmic device in which the duration of the initial note in a pair is augmented and that of the second is diminished. Also known as "notes inégales", swung notes are widely used in jazz music and other jazz-influenced music such as blues and Western swing. A swing or shuffle rhythm is the rhythm produced by playing repeated pairs of notes in this way.

Songs

Swing-era boogie hits include the 1940 Glenn Miller song "Boog It by" (#7) and the The Andrews Sisters' number two hit from that same year, "Beat Me Daddy, Eight to the Bar". In the mid-1940s, bandleader Tommy Dorsey had a number five hit with "Boogie Woogie", jump blues maestro Louis Jordan had a number six hit with "Caldonia Boogie", and Count Basie scored a number 10 hit with "Mad Boogie". In 1948, Freddie Martin had a number six hit with "Sabre Dance Boogie" and three years later, Ernie Ford hit number four with his "Shot Gun Boogie". After several decades out of the hits catologue, singer-actress Bette Midler hit number eight with a boogie tune in 1973 with her song "Boogie Woogie Bugle Boy". Other well-known songs using a boogie rhythm or bass pattern include Chuck Berry's "Johnny B. Goode", Marvin Gaye's "Can I Get a Witness" and The Shadows's "Shadoogie"; and Jerry Lee Lewis playing "Great Balls of Fire".

Further reading

  • Burrows, Terry (1995). Play Country Guitar. Dorling Kindersley Limited, London. ISBN 0789401908.
  • Silvester, Peter. Left Hand Like God — the Story of Boogie Woogie.

References

boogie in Croatian: Boogie
boogie in Japanese: ブギ
boogie in Norwegian: Boogie
boogie in Portuguese: Booggie
boogie in Slovenian: Boogie
boogie in Swedish: Boogie (TV-spel)
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